The Plan of Chicago, written by architects Daniel Burnham and Edward Bennett in 1909, called for a grand Parisian boulevard built in Chicago similar to the Champs Elysee. The idea was to create a bridge to connect Michigan Avenue south of the river with an underused area on the north bank and develop a new commercial district.
Simply standing on the DuSable Bridge (formerly Michigan Avenue Bridge) you will see several of the district's architecturally significant buildings including The Wrigley Building, Tribune Tower, 333 N Michigan Ave, London House, Marina City, Trump Tower, among others.
Walk north to discover Hotel InterContinental, Women's Athletic Club, Water Tower and Pumping Station, Fourth Presbyterian Church, John Hancock Center, Drake Hotel and so much more.
Wander further and find examples of work from Mies van der Rohe, Frank Lloyd Wright, Louis Sullivan, and Henry Ives Cobb - or better yet, take a guided tour!
On May 14, 1920, the revolutionary, double-decked steel bascule bridge linking South Michigan Avenue to Pine Street (now a continuation of Michigan Avenue) was officially opened. In 1928, the monumental bridge towers were built with Bedford stone and mansard roofs. Lined with flags, the bridge serves as a grand gateway to The Magnificent Mile and features detailed bas-relief sculptures depicting early Chicago history.
In October 2010, the bridge was renamed DuSable Bridge in honor of Jean Baptiste Point du Sable, Chicago’s first permanent resident. A fur trader of African descent, he established a permanent homestead and trading post near the mouth of the Chicago River in the 1780s.
The Wrigley Building
410 N Michigan Avenue (1921, 1924)
Architects: Graham, Anderson, Probst & White
The design was inspired by a cathedral in Seville, Spain. One of Chicago's most recognized buildings because the brilliant night-time illumination of its beautiful white terra cotta exterior, clock, and position facing the entry of the Chicago River.
435 N Michigan Avenue (1923-25)
Architects: John Mead Howells and Raymond M. Hood
Home to the Chicago Tribune newspaper, this Gothic revival design won first place in a competition to build the world's most beautiful building. Flying buttresses adorn the top of the tower. The facade is inset with stones from famous buildings throughout the world.
333 N Michigan Avenue
333 N Michigan Avenue (1928)
Architects: Holabird & Root
Based largely on the design which placed second in the Tribune's 1922 design competition this Art Deco skyscraper establishes itself firmly. The solid polished marble slabs on the lower floors give way to vertical bands of climbing limestone and glass.
London Guarantee Building
360 N Michigan Avenue (1923)
Architect: Alfred S. Alschuler
Now the London House Hotel, this extraordinary design features a concave facade facing the river. The three part design was typical of the era and includes a 5-story base and entryway, vertical bands and windows, before climaxing with a classical colonnade leading to a cornice, balustrade, and elaborate domed pavilion.
The River between State and Dearborn Streets (1964, 1967)
Architect: Bertrand Goldberg Associates
These two 60-story apartment towers were constructed from poured concrete. Pie shaped units with semicircle balconies combine to a total form reminiscent of corn cobs. These buildings were used in the late 1960's to show Chicago's break from tradition and to encourage tourism.
140 E Walton Place (1920)
Architects:Marshall & Fox
Standing strong at the north end of The Magnificent Mile, The Drake Hotel occupies one of the most beautiful locations in the city, overlooking Lake Michigan and Oak Street Beach. Designed by Marshall and Fox in 1920 as a beach resort, the 13-story limestone structure features grand public spaces and has a rich history of famous guests. Visit the Cape Cod Room to see the initials of Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio carved into the restaurant’s wooden bar.
John Hancock Center
875 N Michigan Avenue (1969)
Architects: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
Located on North Michigan Avenue between Chestnut and Delaware Streets. The building’s assertive and muscular exterior is aluminum and glass with distinctive x-shaped external bracing that has made it an architectural icon. Engineer Fazlur Khan pioneered this system to derive higher performance from tall structures and open up usable floor space. The X-bracing virtually eliminates the need for interior columns.
Water Tower and Pumping Station
800 N Michigan Avenue (1869)
Architect: W.W. Boyington
The old Water Tower is actually an ornate covering for a 138 foot standpipe which was required to equalize the pressure of the water pumped from the pumping station across the street. Oscar Wilde, visiting Chicago in 1882, called this structure a "castellated monstrosity with pepper boxes stuck all over it." But the tower endures as one of the few surviving buildings from The Great Chicago Fire of 1871. It is an iconic symbol of North Michigan Avenue.